Is your pug encountering some alarming problems and you don’t know what to do? Pugs are a healthy breed with life span as long as 15 years. Certain problems that plagued this sweet, cuddly pets rest on its body structure. By raising the level of awareness among owners, preventive measures or early intervention can be done giving a pug the best chance of recovery and maximizing its life span. With these 4 pug health questions answered, you can finally have some sense of clarity on how to take care of your beloved pet.
1. Why are the eyes of my pug cloudy?
There are 5 known diseases when a pug’s eyes turn cloudy or bluish-- cataracts, glaucoma, corneal dystrophy, nuclear sclerosis, or anterior uveitis.
Cataracts. It could be a hereditary form of cataract or one that’s caused by diabetes, drug toxicity, eye trauma, or nutritional deficiency. Cataracts may also be part of the natural aging process of pugs.
Glaucoma. A pug’s protruding eyes are also prone to glaucoma wherein the fluid build-up causes the cloudy or bluish appearance of the eye. Glaucoma can either be hereditary (primary) or caused by other underlying eye diseases like cataracts, uveitis, displacement of the lens, or eye cancer.
Stromal Corneal Dystrophy. Another likely cause for the bluish or cloudy pug eye is stromal corneal dystrophy, a hereditary and progressive condition affecting both eyes. Often,this condition does not require treatment.
Nuclear/Lenticular Sclerosis. Pug’s pupils can sometimes become bluish-gray or cloudy. This has something to do with the pug’s aging process and likely to occur around its 6th or 7th year. It is not painful and pugs often, adapt to its vision.
Anterior Uveitis/Iridocyclitis. A painful eye condition wherein the iris and the uvea’s ciliary body becomes inflamed causing the eye to become cloudy, it is actually a secondary condition of another disease in the body manifesting in the eye. Aside from cloudy appearance, it may also manifest as bloodshot eyes, discoloration or change in shape of the iris, and eyeball swelling. A pug often, squints or paws at its eye when this happens.
While some conditions may be relatively benign, it is imperative to consult with a veterinarian for immediate intervention the soonest you notice your pug’s cloudy eyes, .
2. How much should I feed my pug?
Your pug’s diet will ultimately influence its own health. As pugs are prone to gain weight, it is important to find the right food and feed it with the proper amount and calories-- all at the right time. On average, pug puppies between 3 to 6 months must be fed 3 times per day then, reduced to twice-a-day feeding as they reach the 1 year threshold up until their senior years.
The total daily caloric consumption, however, depends largely on the pug’s age, metabolic rate and activity level. The amount of food also depends largely on the type of food being offered. Home-cooked food may be given in smaller portion as it is more nutritionally dense than commercial ones. Take note that pug foods are often categorized according to their age level. Take the Royal Canin brand, for instance, it has dry pug food for adults and for puppies packed separately. Pug puppies calorie requirements is also bigger than adult and senior pugs.
Puppies will need 50 calories/pound of body weight while active adults only need 40 calories and seniors less. Often, this rests on your pug’s overall health, activity level, and metabolic rate. Rough estimates will then tell us that:
- A pug puppy - 1oz of food per pound of body weight x 3 times a day (with healthy snacks)
- Adult pug - 1/2oz of food per pound of body weight x 2 times a day )with healthy snacks)
- Senior pug - 1/2oz of food per pound of body weight x 1 or 2 times a day (with healthy snacks)
Here are healthy and well-balanced dry pug food to consider:
Royal Canin Pug Complete Adult Dry Food
Royal Canin Pug Puppy Dry Food
3. Why do pugs smell like corn chips?
Well, it’s not really the pug itself that smells like corn ships, but rather the paws. This is caused by naturally-present bacteria in pugs called Proteus or Pseudomonas. In normal cases, this yeasty odor is nothing to be scared of in your pet.
Nasty smelling yeasty smell, however, must be carefully considered. Pugs sweat through its foot pads. And boy, do these cuddly creatures sweat particularly in the dogged days of summer! Sometimes, the icky moisture get trapped in between the foot pads’ coat letting it turn into something that will make your nostrils flare with disgust. This can be remedied with proper grooming or by trimming the fur in between. Then, a douse your pug’s paws with Healthy Breeds Pug Deodorizing Shampoo and then, rinsed thoroughly.
Healthy Breeds Pug Deodorizing Shampoo
4. Why is my pug losing hair?
Like any other dog breed, pugs normally shed-off hair. However, when your pet is experiencing obvious thinning or balding in certain spots or evident scratching of its coat, a thorough examination will not hurt. Common causes of pug’s hair loss are skin problems, allergies and parasites like demodectic mange and ringworm. Pugs, being emotional breed, can also suffer hair loss from stress like telogen effluvium. Diabetes and thyroid problems can also cause pugs to lose a chunkful of hair when not addressed immediately. Cushing’s disease which is hereditary tend to affect adult pugs coat, too. Infections like folliculitis can also cause it and often, treated with antibiotics.
Pug hair loss must not be taken lightly though. Apart from serving as protection from outside elements, your pug’s hair condition will also help signal underlying health conditions.
These pug health questions answered is but a tip of the iceberg when it comes to understanding your pet’s health. Try to talk to a long-time owner for various tips or read about some more in our pug health section. It is also imperative to check with your veterinarian at least once every 2 months to ensure that your pet is always in tiptop shape.